About 244,000 metric tons of gold has been discovered to date (187,000 metric tons historically produced plus current underground reserves of 57,000 metric tons). Most of that gold has come from just three countries: China, Australia, and South Africa.
Pure gold is virtually indestructible. It will not corrode, rust or tarnish, and fire cannot destroy it. This is why all of the gold extracted from the earth is still melted, re-melted and used over and over again.
Because of this, the amount of gold on earth is finite. While there is no way to know exactly how much gold remains to be mined, experts agree that there are few remaining, untouched gold deposits hidden in layers of rock. The world will run out of minable gold, though exactly when is unknown.
But despite its popularity, gold is actually a finite scarce resource. In the mining industry, if you manage to extract a twenty-eighth of an ounce (1 gram) of gold from 1 ton of earth then you can consider yourself lucky.
Australia ranks as the top country with the highest gold reserves at an estimated 10,000 tonnes, followed by Russia with 7,500 tonnes and the US with a distant 3,000 tonnes in gold reserves, according to data by the US Geological Survey.
For one thing, gold serves as a store of value, meaning that its value remains stable, rather than declining over time. Along these same lines, gold is useful as a hedge against inflation.
In Australia this concentration of gold took place in the Earth hundreds of millions of years ago in the eastern states, and thousands of millions of years ago in Western Australia. As well as gold, the fluids can carry other dissolved minerals, such as quartz. This is why gold is often found with quartz.
In 2022, the United States was estimated to have some 3,000 metric tons of gold reserves in mines. Thus, the U.S. was one of the leading countries based on mine reserves of gold. Australia is estimated to have the largest gold mine reserves worldwide.
Gold mining is a global business with operations on every continent, except Antarctica, and gold is extracted from mines of widely varying types and scale. At a country level, China was the largest producer in the world in 2022 and accounted for around 10 per cent of total global production.
Industry would come to a standstill in general, and many specialty fields would go out of business, from aerospace engineering to nanotechnology to certain types of environmental control and protection.
Over time, there is a chance that your 10K gold jewelry might tarnish a bit. The tarnish is due to the metal alloy in its composition. However, you can bring back the shine by buffing it out carefully. Taking care of this gold is as simple as taking care of your other gold jewelry.
In fact, the global demand for gold hit a decade peak in 2022 while its supply continues its nearly 7-year plateau. So gold is in high demand, but will it run out any time soon? The Earth has a limited amount of gold in its crust and experts are estimating that it may be unsustainable to mine gold by 2050.
Gold is considered a hedge against inflation
Gold and other precious metals have long been considered a smart way to fight inflation. That's because it tends to hold its value and preserve your purchasing power over the long haul, despite fluctuations in the dollar.
The country with the most gold is the United States, with 8,133 metric tons in the American gold reserve. This amounts to a value of $480.84 billion, going by the price of gold at the beginning of January 2023.
Even along highly active fault lines, it could take 100,000 years or more for minable deposits to form. So yes, gold deposits can replenish themselves. Unfortunately, it won't happen during our lifetime.
It is perfectly legal to sell and buy gold in Australia. You can sell a kilo of gold bars, a wedding ring or an old coin. The Australian government has set guidelines for the sale of precious metals. There is no restriction on the weight or value of precious metal.
Leading markets for gold exports from Australia FY 2022
China was the leading export destination for Australian gold in terms of value.
Considered by most authorities to be the biggest gold nugget ever found, the Welcome Stranger was found at Moliagul, Victoria, Australia, in 1869 by John Deason and Richard Oates. It weighed gross, over 2,520 troy ounces (78 kg; 173 lb) and returned over 2,284 troy ounces (71.0 kg; 156.6 lb) net.
While the benefits of investing in gold include its use as a store of value and its status as a safe haven asset when there is volatility in the stock market, it's not right for everyone. Keep in mind that the price of gold does fluctuate, meaning it can quickly lose value and is a poor short-term investment.
In general, though, financial experts often recommend putting between 5 and 20% of your portfolio into gold or other precious metals, though some suggest an even greater allocation.
Gold jewellery can become scratched, especially when worn on a daily basis. Because nickel may be present in the gold alloy, gold may not be suitable for metal allergy sufferers.
Gold is taxable, and taxation is based on the total value in dollars rather than weight. You are liable to taxation only when you make a profit from selling gold. Typically, the more profit you make the more tax you will have to pay.