With an approximate population of 4.5 million inhabitants, Sydney is the largest and the oldest city in Australia. The first settlers arrived in 1788. Situated on Sydney Harbour and next to
"Newcastle is the second oldest city, not just in New South Wales but in the country of Australia," she said. "It was settled just after Sydney, and it is a very significant piece of not just local history, but national history."
In 1835, they established the beginning of the renowned Melbourne city, about 47 years after Sydney.
Historic George Town has plenty of maritime stories to tell, and plenty of penguins to accompany them. Located at the mouth of kanamaluka / River Tamar, the town is Australia's third-oldest European settlement, founded in 1804, just behind Sydney and a year after Hobart.
Sydney is Australia's oldest and largest city, home of about 3.7 million people. It is Australia's most important industrial city and the capital of New South Wales .
Hunters Hill is recognised as Australia's oldest garden suburb, of which Figtree Park in particular is an important historic component.
Darwin's median age is 34-and-a-half, the youngest in Australia. The number of people under 35 is booming in Darwin, the latest population figures reveal.
The town is an ex-Hydro village and now a residence for Inland Fisheries Services (IFS) and a Tasmania Police station. It is known for its exceptional fishing at nearby Great Lake and hosts several trout fishing events. Liawenee is the coldest permanently-inhabited place in Australia.
Indigenous people have lived in Australia more than 65,000 years ago, according to scientific evidence of human occupation1. To put this in perspective, this is ten times older than the ancient Egyptian pyramids.
Small Towns in Australia
The smallest town in Australia is the quirky Cooladdi (Aboriginal meaning “Black Duck”), which is placed between Quilpie and Charleville in southwest Queensland. Coolidge is actually a ghost town and, even though it once had a population of 270, now it's home to only four people.
After Dutch navigators charted the northern, western and southern coasts of Australia during the 17th Century this newly found continent became known as 'New Holland'. It was the English explorer Matthew Flinders who suggested the name we use today.
In 1927, the national capital was finally ready and the national government relocated from its former seat in Melbourne to Canberra within the Australian Capital Territory (or the Federal Capital Territory as it was known at the time).
The oldest place on Earth is the Pilbara region of Western Australia. According to expert findings, the earth is around 4.5 billion years old.
A small city with a population of 20,000 people, Jericho, which is located in Palestine, is believed to be the oldest city in the world. Indeed, some of the earliest archeological evidence from the area dates back 11,000 years.
New South Wales (NSW) is Australia's oldest state and contains the most populated city in Australia, Sydney.
The residents of Mungallala, in Queensland's mid south, take home an average salary of a little over $3,000 a year according to the Australian Taxation Office, making the tiny rural town the poorest in Australia.
Humans are thought to have migrated to Northern Australia from Asia using primitive boats. A current theory holds that those early migrants themselves came out of Africa about 70,000 years ago, which would make Aboriginal Australians the oldest population of humans living outside Africa.
Genetic data confirm that ancient Aborigines and Eurasians left Africa in one single, great wave. Australian Aborigines have long been cast as a people apart.
Aboriginal people are known to have occupied mainland Australia for at least 65,000 years. It is widely accepted that this predates the modern human settlement of Europe and the Americas. Increasingly sophisticated dating methods are helping us gain a more accurate understanding of how people came to be in Australia.
1. Marble Bar, Western Australia. Marble Bar claims to be the hottest town in Australia. It holds the record for the highest average monthly maximum temperature, which is 41.5°C in December.
The city of Perth has the best weather/climate in Australia. The city enjoys a temperate Mediterranean climate with hot and dry summers and mild but wet winters. Perth is also the sunniest capital city in Australia and is considered one of the hottest experiencing over 250+ days of sunny blue skies.
Queens Park is one of the most amazing and quiet cities to reside in Australia. Upper Caboolture In Queensland is a perfect place for lovers of a quiet environment. Apart from being a peaceful and relaxing area, it also provides residents with important amenities.
Australia is colloquially known as "the Land Down Under" (or just "Down Under"), which derives from the country's position in the Southern Hemisphere, at the antipodes of the United Kingdom.
1. Hobart. With low crime rates and a relatively low cost of living, Hobart scores a relaxation score of 9 – making it the most relaxing area to live in in Australia. The city has plenty of bars, cafes and restaurants, as well as an art museum (the Mona) and plenty of sights to see.