Hearing tests, including one to find out if the nerve from the inner ear to the brain is working as it should. A test called an electronystagmogram (ENG), which measures your eye movements. This can help the doctor find where the problem is that's causing vertigo. Imaging tests such as an MRI or CT scan of the head.
 Acute vestibular labyrinthitis or neuronitis may also mimic the attacks of Meniere's disease. However, the episodes in the latter case are usually shorter and are also associated with auditory symptoms.
Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scan
The MRI scan will not confirm a diagnosis of Ménière's disease, nor will it show which ear is affected or how severe the condition is. During initial investigation it is important to exclude many serious conditions which can cause vertigo or unilateral hearing loss and tinnitus.
An ENT specialist can conduct an examination to diagnose Meniere's disease, which assesses the level of hearing loss, function of the inner ear, and balance. A diagnosis of the disease requires: Two episodes of vertigo that each last 20 minutes or longer but do not exceed 12 hours. Tinnitus/fullness in the ears.
Unfortunately, Ménière's disease can be difficult to diagnose because the symptoms are different from patient to patient. Additionally, there are other inner ear disorders that have similar symptoms. Therefore, no standard test that can definitely prove that you have the disorder.
The exact cause of Ménière's disease is unknown, but it's thought to be caused by a problem with pressure deep inside the ear. Factors that can increase your risk of developing Ménière's disease include a family history of the condition and a chemical imbalance in the fluid in your inner ear.
Meniere's disease may also require bed rest and diuretic medications in addition to VBAs. Ultimately, once your neurologist has diagnosed the cause of your vertigo, they will provide you with a customized treatment plan to alleviate your symptoms.
An otolaryngologist performs a physical exam to look for signs and symptoms of the cause of vertigo. He or she uses delicate instruments to magnify and examine the ear canal and eardrum. Your doctor may also examine your eye movements or ask you to track an object from one point in space to another.
After an attack, persons with Meniere's can be left with "brain fog." This is a term used to describe the forgetfulness, disorientation, and feelings of confusion or sensory overload that appear after an attack is over.
Although there is no cure for Ménière's disease, the attacks of vertigo can be controlled in nearly all cases. Treatment options include: A low salt diet and a diuretic (water pill) Anti-vertigo medications (used to stop acute attacks)
Vertigo is one of the main symptoms of Ménière disease. It can cause falls, trouble driving, or prevent other normal activities of daily living. Permanent hearing loss may also happen. These problems can cause depression and anxiety.
If you have been experiencing vertigo for more than a day or two, it's so severe that you can't stand or walk, or you are vomiting frequently and can't keep food down, you should make an appointment with a neurologist.
Dix-Hallpike Test for Vertigo
The Dix-Hallpike is used to test for benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (BPPV), the most common cause of vertigo.
Doctors use the Dix-Hallpike test (sometimes called the Dix-Hallpike maneuver) to check for a common type of vertigo called benign paroxysmal positional vertigo, or BPPV. Vertigo is the sudden feeling that you or your surroundings are spinning.
The disease is much more common in adults, with an average age of onset in the fourth decade, the symptoms beginning usually between ages 20 and 60 years. Meniere's disease is (grossly) equally common in each sex, and right and left ears are affected with fairly equal frequency.
Many physicians have observed that psychological factors play a significant role in the course of Meniere's disease (MD), with Meniere's patients being subject to anxiety and tension states.
Your doctor has scheduled you for a test called Videonystagmography. The VNG is a test of the inner ear and portions of the brain. The VNG can help your doctor understand the cause of your dizziness or balance problem.
Antihistamines, such as meclizine, solve dizziness.
It works to block the signals to the brain that cause these symptoms. However, if you have recurring vertigo or dizziness, taking antihistamines is not a good long-term solution.
Cervical vertigo, or cervicogenic dizziness, is a neck-related sensation in which a person feels like either they're spinning or the world around them is spinning. Poor neck posture, neck disorders, or trauma to the cervical spine cause this condition.
Avoid things like coffee, tea, soda, energy drinks, chocolate, and diet pills. Caffeine will stimulate the nervous system and make migraines and tinnitus worse. Eat a low sodium diet. Sodium causes fluid retention and can make your symptoms worse in your inner ear.
Ménière's disease (idiopathic endolymphatic hydrops) is a rare inner ear disorder. It affects your sense of balance and hearing. Left untreated, Ménière's disease symptoms get worse over time and may cause permanent hearing loss and ongoing balance problems.
Most people who have balance disorders such as Meniere's disease or an ear disorder such as tinnitus will be able to travel by air without any problems.