Conditions that affect your blood vessels — such as atherosclerosis, high blood pressure, or kinked or malformed blood vessels — can cause blood to move through your veins and arteries with more force. These blood flow changes can cause tinnitus or make tinnitus more noticeable.
Furthermore, there's a particular type of tinnitus that can also be caused by high blood pressure. This is known as pulsatile tinnitus, and it's when your tinnitus sounds like a pumping or throbbing sound in your ears. If this is the case, it is typically caused by damage to your blood vessels.
There is an association between tinnitus and arterial hypertension. This association is particularly strong in older patients.
“Pounding” in your ears
If you have a sensation of pulsing or pounding in your ears when you haven't been exercising vigorously, this could indicate an elevated blood pressure. It could also be related to drinking too much caffeine, so try cutting back on the coffee and soda.
Sometimes, tinnitus is a sign of high blood pressure, an allergy, or anemia. In rare cases, tinnitus is a sign of a serious problem such as a tumor or aneurysm. Other risk factors for tinnitus include temporomandibular joint disorder (TMJ), diabetes, thyroid problems, obesity, and head injury.
Tinnitus that follows a steady rhythm in tune with the patient's heartbeat is called pulsatile tinnitus, and is usually caused by high blood pressure, circulatory problems, diabetes, or other conditions that interrupt blood flow to the ears.
Traffic, loud music, construction – all of these can worsen tinnitus. Be sure to wear earplugs or another type of ear protection in order to prevent noise from making your tinnitus worse. Many medications are ototoxic, meaning they cause temporary (or, in some cases, permanent) damage to your hearing.
Pulsatile tinnitus can be arterial or venous in origin. Atherosclerosis of the carotid artery can cause turbulent blood flow through stenotic segments of the vessel, which can lead to pulsatile tinnitus.
The connection between the two conditions relates to the delicate network of vessels in your auditory system. When pressure builds in this system, it can result in symptoms of tinnitus. If your tinnitus symptoms include a beating, pulsing or pumping sound, it could be related to your blood pressure.
Anxiety activates the fight or flight system, which puts a lot of pressure on nerves, and increases blood flow, body heat, and more. This pressure and stress are very likely to travel up into your inner ear and lead to the tinnitus experience.
High cholesterol and triglyceride levels in the bloodstream play a significant role in the development of tinnitus, hearing loss, and vertigo.
Pulsatile tinnitus is often caused by disorders or malformations in the blood vessels and arteries, especially those near the ears. These abnormalities or disorders — including aneurysms and arteriovenous malformations — can cause a change in the blood flow through the affected blood vessels.
Thus, tinnitus could precede the occurrence of stroke not only as an intermediate role in the association between vascular disease and stroke, but also as an independent risk factor for stroke.
You may need to see your doctor if: You have tinnitus that sounds like a heartbeat (pulsatile tinnitus) You also have dizziness, vertigo, or hearing loss. Your tinnitus comes on suddenly.
Most people with high blood pressure have no symptoms, even if blood pressure readings reach dangerously high levels. You can have high blood pressure for years without any symptoms. A few people with high blood pressure may have: Headaches.
High blood pressure, or hypertension, rarely has noticeable symptoms. But if untreated, it increases your risk of serious problems such as heart attacks and strokes.
eat too much salt and do not eat enough fruit and vegetables. do not do enough exercise. drink too much alcohol or coffee (or other caffeine-based drinks) smoke.
Tinnitus is often caused by hearing impairment which, among other causes, can be the result of reduced blood circulation to the inner ear. Micro-thrombosis and/or micro-embolism can cause this reduced circulation. They both involve blood clots blocking flow in the affected area.
Neurologic causes include head injury, whiplash, multiple sclerosis, vestibular schwannoma (commonly called an acoustic neuroma), and other cerebellopontine-angle tumors.
Tinnitus is a physical condition, experienced as noises or ringing in a person's ears or head, when no such external physical noise is present. Tinnitus is not a disease in itself. It is a symptom of a fault in a person's auditory (hearing) system, which includes the ears and the brain.
Although the basis of tinnitus is not thought to be psychological, where it causes significant distress or reduction in quality of life, psychologically-based treatments such as CBT can result in major improvements in these consequences.