Given that individuals with depression tend to be high in self-blame and self-criticism and low in self-accep- tance and self-soothing, it has been suggested that self-compassion as an alter- native to self-judgment may protect against depressive symptoms (Baer, Lykins, & Peters, 2012; Germer, 2009).
o Have negative impacts on mental wellbeing: self-criticism is often linked to anxiety, social anxiety, depression, eating disorders, body image issues, inability to cope with problems (e.g. bottling up feelings, avoiding our problems through negative coping skills like substance use, etc.)
Many studies have demonstrated the correlation between self-critical thinking and an increase in symptoms of depression. These findings suggest that when individuals think more critically of themselves they are more vulnerable to negative rumination and feelings of hopelessness, which can deepen depression.
Excessively self-critical thoughts may often have their roots in negative experiences with caregivers in childhood.
These self-sabotaging behaviours can become the norm for people who struggle with Mental Health, but they can be more extreme and more damaging. Self-sabotaging has been a part of my life with depression for as long as I can remember.
People with borderline personality disorder often sabotage themselves when they are about to reach a goal, so that others will perceive them as struggling. For example, they may drop out of school just before graduation or ruin a promising relationship.
Teens might use a manipulation tactic such as charm, debasing, negotiating, coercion, or using the silent treatment to get what they want. There are underlying mental health issues, such as trauma, depression, and anxiety, that could cause a teenager to act manipulatively.
Self-criticism is often associated with major depressive disorder. Some theorists define self-criticism as a mark of a certain type of depression (introjective depression), and in general people with depression tend to be more self critical than those without depression.
Extreme sensitivity to criticism
People with avoidant personality disorder are very sensitive to anything critical, disapproving, or mocking because they constantly think about being criticized or rejected by others. They are vigilant for any sign of a negative response to them.
Abstract. Background: A self-critical personality style has been associated with psychological symptoms such as depression and anxiety. Self-critical people also tend to strive more anxiously for basic motives such as affiliation, achievement, power, and autonomy.
In fact, the tendency to blame oneself excessively (and inappropriately) is a key factor in depression. Over a century ago, Sigmund Freud suggested that depression was fundamentally different from “normal sadness” in that very factor.
It is a vicious cycle, because the anxiety that drives negative self-centered ruminations causes more anxiety.  Depressed people experience compulsive negative self-ruminations that worsen and perpetuate depression. Self-centeredness may even contribute to more health problems and a shortened life span.
Trait rumination has been proposed to be one factor that accounts for the heterogeneity of depression . According to the response styles theory of depression , rumination refers to repetitive and passive thinking loops about the individual's depressive symptoms and the possible causes and consequences.
Self-criticism taps into the brain's threat/defense response. The system is designed to protect us and keep us safe. It's hard-wired into our brain and worked great when the threat was a lion running after us. But when the threat is to our self-concept, self-criticism does not work well.
Psychopathy. Pathological lying is in factor 1 of the Psychopathy Checklist (PCL).
Which Mental Health Disorders Are Linked to Toxic Personalities? People with narcissistic, borderline and antisocial personality styles often display toxic traits, while "toxic patterns" may also be seen in those with untreated substance use problems, according to Durvasula.
Someone who is self-critical often criticizes themselves, especially their own behavior, work, or performance. : They are without doubt the most ruthlessly self-critical team in the league. He says he never watches his own performances because he is too self-critical.
Research has found that self-criticism is linked to certain areas in the brain. Engaging in self-criticism is seen to activate areas in the lateral prefrontal cortex as well as dorsal anterior cingulate cortex both of which are responsible for processing error detection and correction.
Avoidant personality disorder is characterized by avoiding social situations or interactions that involve risk of rejection, criticism, or humiliation. People with avoidant personality disorder are afraid of being rejected, criticized, or embarrassed and thus avoid situations where they may experience such reactions.
Depressive personality disorder is a personality disorder with depressive features, such as chronic sadness, low self-esteem, or pessimism. The depressive features are chronic and seem more like personality traits rather than depression that occurs in episodes.
The Connection Between Narcissism & Depression
Another study found the prevalence of NPD in those with major depression to be between 0-16%. Further research is needed to fully understand the nature, direction, and strength of the relationship.
Patients with BPD often present with depressive symptoms. It can be difficult to distinguish between BPD and MDD, especially when the two disorders co-occur. Research is needed to clarify the commonalities and differences between BPD and MDD, and BPD and rapid-cycling bipolar disorder.