Why India's population is so high?

"India's total fertility has reached replacement levels, which means that two children replace two parents," says Poonam Muttreja, executive director of the nonprofit Population Foundation of India. And in fact, she says, having a large young population can be seen as an "advantage."

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Why is India's population growing so fast?

That is because much of India's growth is baked in from the past and driven by “population momentum,” which is the tendency of a population to keep growing even if fertility falls because the size of childbearing cohorts is relatively larger from when fertility was higher (more potential mothers).

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Why is India's population very high?

Population in India is unevenly distributed. The northern plains have been densely populated since centuries due to fertile land, availability of water and economic activities. Rivers like Ganga, Yamuna provide large tracts of fertile land apart from water. Also, the terrain is not a difficult one to travel.

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When did India become world's largest population?

India to overtake China as world's most populous country in April 2023, United Nations projects. 24 April 2023 - China will soon cede its long-held status as the world's most populous country.

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When did population explosion happen in India?

Detailed Solution. The correct answer is 1951-1981. The decades 1951-1981 are referred to as the period of population explosion in India. It was caused by a rapid fall in the mortality rate but a high fertility rate of the population in the country.

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World’s largest population: why it could be a headache for India

39 related questions found

How did overpopulation start in India?

What's behind India's growing population? The biggest factor behind India's massive population is its young people: 650 million Indians—nearly half the country's population—are below the age of 25.

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What is the biggest problem in India population?

The population is expected to exceed 1.5 billion by 2030, and 2 billion by 2050. This rapid growth is putting immense pressure on India's resources, and is contributing to environmental degradation, poverty, and social unrest. The government has taken some steps to address the problem, but much more needs to be done.

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Why is China's population so high?

China's population growth rate surpassed the world average from 1949 to the late 1970s. Under Mao's leadership, the government promoted pro-natal policies and remunerated families not according to their productivity but by the number of workers.

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How many Muslims in India?

India is home to 10.9% of the world's Muslim population. According to Pew Research Center, there can be 213 million Muslims in 2020, India's 15% population. Indian Muslim have a fertility rate of 2.36, the highest in the nation as per as according to year 2019-21 estimation.

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Is India the most populated country in the world True or false?

India has overtaken China to become the world's most populous nation, according to recent estimates. As reported by Bloomberg, at the end of 2022, India's population stood at 1.417 billion, based on U.N.

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What are the 4 causes of population growth?

When demographers attempt to forecast changes in the size of a population, they typically focus on four main factors: fertility rates, mortality rates (life expectancy), the initial age profile of the population (whether it is relatively old or relatively young to begin with) and migration.

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Why is China and India so heavily populated?

After the initial spread of humanity from Africa, China and India proved to be two of the most hospitable places for hunting, gathering, agriculture and survival, mainly due to climatic conditions and available crop selection.

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Why is Japan so populated?

Japan experienced spectacular population growth after 1868; the population increased nearly fourfold since then. This increase was directly related to slow but steady urban growth; the development of Hokkaido, Tōhoku, and southern Kyushu; and the introduction of commercial agriculture.

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What are 3 disadvantages to India's growing population?

Rising population is a major source of environmental degradation in India. Population affects the environment through the use of natural resources and production of wastes. These lead to loss of biodiversity, air and water pollution and increased pressure on land.

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Which country has most Indian population?

About 150 years ago, Indians started moving outwards in search of opportunities. Now more than 44 lakh Indians live in America alone. This is the largest number of Indians in any country outside India.

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Is India is a developed country?

India is currently a lower-middle income country with a GNI per capita of $2,170. It will have to jump two thresholds to become a high-income country—an income greater than $13,205 is currently categorized as high-income.

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Which religion is spreading very fast in the world?

Studies in the 21st century suggest that, in terms of percentage and worldwide spread, Islam is the fastest-growing major religion in the world.

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Is Christianity growing in India?

Christianity is growing in Punjab, mirroring what states like Tamil Nadu experienced in the 1980s and 1990s. Small churches are springing up on the rooftops of many villages. Amritsar/Gurdaspur: Atop a roof in an obscure gully in Fatehgarh Churian, a Pentecostal church is in full swing.

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Which religion is fastest-growing in India?

Islam is the fastest-growing religion in India. Growth rate of Muslims has been consistently higher than the growth rate of Hindus, ever since the census data of independent India has been available. For example, during the 1991–2001 decade, Muslim growth rate was 29.5% (vs 19.9% for Hindus).

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Why is China losing population?

China's population decline can be traced back to the restrictive family-planning policies launched in the 1970s and an impressive economic boom fueled by China's huge labor force. China's modernization brought rapid urbanization, rising income levels, and better education to large parts of the country.

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Why China has low population?

A major reason for low fertility is the legacy of China's one-child policy. High child-rearing costs, shifting ideologies on family and marriages, as well as the slowing economic growth have all been blamed for the population decline.

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Which two countries have the most people?

In 2022, China remains the country with the largest population in the world, with more than 1.43 billion people. India has the second largest population in the world, with just above 1.4 billion inhabitants.

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Is population good or bad for India?

“As a large set of people can produce and consume more goods, it is expected to lead to more economic growth for the country,” says Mr Gaurav. “We consider India's population as an asset for the business rather than a liability.”

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What is the solution of population in India?

Population control comes under the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare, with family planning services provided through the free health delivery system. The main strategy continues to be to persuade people on an individual basis to accept the small family norm by a wide range of advertising and educational efforts.

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What are the problems with living in India?

What are the cons of moving to India?
  • The weather can be stifling. ...
  • Whilst the majority of India is relatively safe, crime is persistent. ...
  • Driving in India is a whole new ball game! ...
  • Pollution and general cleanliness can be an issue in heavily populated areas.
  • Longer working hours.

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