The most common insect known for biting people while they are sleeping is the bed bug. If you wake up with multiple bites that are painless at first but become itchy welts over time, especially around your armpits, neck, behind your knee, or on your inner thighs, then you might be dealing with a bed bug
Bug Bites While Sleeping
There are three likely sources for bug bites at night — spiders, mosquitos or bed bugs. Spiders and mosquitos usually find their way into your home — and into your bedroom — during the warmer months.
You may not even be able to see (or find) these culprits. These, folks, tend to be one of the following five bugs: bed bugs, fleas, chiggers, mosquitoes, or spiders. I'm going to identify what they look like, what their bites look like, and what evidence they leave behind.
Most bedbug bites are painless at first, but later turn into itchy welts. Unlike flea bites that are mainly around the ankles, bedbug bites are on any area of skin exposed while sleeping. Also, the bites do not have a red spot in the center like flea bites do.
Besides bedbugs, numerous insects bite at night. These night biters can be mites, fleas, mosquitoes, lice, spiders, and ticks.
Scabies mites: When microscopic scabies mites burrow into human skin, they cause rashes and itchiness. A scabies rash looks like a cluster of bed bug bites, which makes it easy to confuse mite bites with bed bug bites. Unlike bed bugs, you won't be able to see scabies mites on your skin or in the bed.
Household products or environmental irritants could cause hives or rashes. If no pests can be found and the irritation doesn't seem to match any of the most common bug bite pictures, you may be experiencing a skin reaction to a household product or environmental irritant. Consider the location of the rash.
a red itchy bump with a dark center and lighter swollen surrounding area. small red bumps or welts in a zigzag pattern or a line. small red bumps surrounded by blisters or hives. papular eruptions or areas of skin with raised or flat patches that may be inflamed.
A bed bug infestation that's been going on for a while will often show up in the form of black, brown, reddish-brown, or just general dark spots on your sheets or mattress. These spots appear as the infestation grows. They're the result of droppings and crushed bugs.
Bed Bug Feeding
The bugs can bite several times in a night to become full but only feed about once every one or two weeks. People that have only small numbers of the bugs in their homes may not experience new bites every night.
Intense itching and many small, red bumps, like pimples, are seen. Burrows may also be seen. These look like thin, wavy lines.
Like the common bed bug, mites love to make their homes in mattress pads and pillows. You can protect yourself against mites by enclosing mattresses and pillows in dust-proof covers. This should prevent mites getting into your bed, and thwart the accumulation of dust mite waste.
However, they are typically itchy, and they may appear clustered or lined up in rough rows. Symptoms of bedbug bites are similar to symptoms of other insect bites and rashes. Bedbug bites are usually: Inflamed spots, often with a darker spot in the middle.
"Most people itch more at night because our cortisol levels (our bodies' own anti-inflammatory hormone) are higher in the morning and also because we are less distracted as we wind down and try to fall asleep," explained Dr. Kassouf.
No-see-ums are tiny flying insects that are incredibly difficult to spot. Also known as biting midges, punkies, sand flies or biting gnats, these flying insects are small enough to fit through the mesh screens of windows and doors. They are also easy to overlook when they swarm around you or land on your skin.
Adult bed bugs have a flat oval-shaped body, which is light brown in colour and may become red and engorged after a blood meal. Ranging in length from 1 - 5mm, fully-grown adults reach a similar size to an apple seed. They have six legs, long antennae and large mandibles (mouth parts), which can impale human skin.
Small, dark spots of bed bug feces can be indicators of the insects' presence. A sweet, musty scent may emanate from infested pillows, mattresses or sheets, as well. Laundering your pillow and pillowcase may temporarily rid those items of bed bugs.
It is possible to feel bed bugs crawling across your skin, especially when you're lying in bed or when multiple bugs are feeding at once. However, it's equally possible to imagine the crawling sensation, even after a pest expert has removed bed bugs from your home.
Bites are commonly found on the parts of the body that are more likely to be exposed to bed bugs during sleep - the hands, neck, face, shoulders, legs and arms. While not always the case, bed bug bites are often grouped together in a small area and at times may occur in a line or a zigzag pattern.
The first sign of bedbugs may be red, itchy bites on the skin, usually on the arms or shoulders. Bedbugs tend to leave straight rows of bites, unlike some other insects that leave bites here and there.
Some of the very small arthropods that do bite but do not burrow or live within the skin include fleas, bed bugs, mosquitoes, black flies, punkies (a small biting fly), bird or rodent mites, and straw itch mites. Although these arthropods are small, they can be seen without the aid of magnification.
The bed bugs travel in the seams and folds of luggage, overnight bags, folded clothes, bedding, furniture, and anywhere else where they can hide. Most people do not realize they are transporting stow-away bed bugs as they travel from location to location, infecting areas as they travel.