According to a new, Harvard-led study, geochemical calculations about the interior of the planet's water storage capacity suggests Earth's primordial ocean 3 to 4
It suggests that most of Earth's water was on the surface at that time, during the Archean Eon between 2.5 and 4 billion years ago, with much less in the mantle. The planet's surface may have been virtually completely covered by water, with no land masses at all.
Scientists have found evidence that Earth was covered by a global ocean that turned the planet into a “water world” more than 3bn years ago. Telltale chemical signatures were spotted in an ancient chunk of ocean crust which point to a planet once devoid of continents, the largest landmasses on Earth.
About 71 percent of the Earth's surface is water-covered, and the oceans hold about 96.5 percent of all Earth's water.
Now, evidence is mounting that some 3 billion to 4 billion years ago, the planet's oceans held nearly twice as much water—enough to submerge today's continents above the peak of Mount Everest. The flood could have primed the engine of plate tectonics and made it more difficult for life to start on land.
Earth may have been a 'waterworld' without continents 3 billion years ago, study suggests. Around 3 billion years ago, Earth may have been covered in water – a proverbial "waterworld" – without any continents separating the oceans.
In adult men, about 60% of their bodies are water. However, fat tissue does not have as much water as lean tissue. In adult women, fat makes up more of the body than men, so they have about 55% of their bodies made of water.
Billions of years ago, Earth, along with the rest of our solar system, was entirely unrecognizable, existing only as an enormous cloud of dust and gas.
Over 97 percent of the earth's water is found in the oceans as salt water. Two percent of the earth's water is stored as fresh water in glaciers, ice caps, and snowy mountain ranges. That leaves only one percent of the earth's water available to us for our daily water supply needs.
The Ice Ages began 2.4 million years ago and lasted until 11,500 years ago. During this time, the earth's climate repeatedly changed between very cold periods, during which glaciers covered large parts of the world (see map below), and very warm periods during which many of the glaciers melted.
Over thousands of years, the amount of sunshine reaching Earth changes by quite a lot, particularly in the northern latitudes, the area near and around the North Pole. When less sunlight reaches the northern latitudes, temperatures drop and more water freezes into ice, starting an ice age.
Adam is the name given in Genesis 1-5 to the first human. Beyond its use as the name of the first man, adam is also used in the Bible as a pronoun, individually as "a human" and in a collective sense as "mankind".
The planets of our solar system were created around 4.6 billion years ago from clumps of rocks spinning around the Sun. Earth was moulded from rocks that came from the inner solar system where the fierce heat of the Sun would have boiled away any water. So, according to the textbooks, water must have come later.
Nearly 4 billion years ago, during the Late Heavy Bombardment, countless meteors rained down on the Earth and the Moon. Over time, these icy asteroids and comets delivered oceans to Earth, depositing the water directly to the surface.
The origin of Earth's water has been an enduring mystery. There are different hypotheses and theories explaining how the water got here, and lots of evidence supporting them. But water is ubiquitous in protoplanetary disks, and water's origin may not be so mysterious after all.
100,000 Years From Today
Lamm predicts that in 100,000 years our eyes will be significantly larger with some seriously interesting features. To protect our sight from cosmic rays, he thinks we might develop an “eye-shine to enhance low-light vision and even a sideways blink from a re-constituted place semilunaris.”
Drag from the chromosphere of the Sun would reduce Earth's orbit. These effects will counterbalance the impact of mass loss by the Sun, and the Sun will likely engulf Earth in about 7.59 billion years.
India will overtake China as the most populated country on Earth. Nigeria will overtake the US as the third most populous country in the world. The fastest-growing demographic will be the elderly: 65+ people will hit one billion by 2030. We will need to figure out ways of how to accommodate 100+ people at work.
Water is the main component of the human body. It represents approximately 60% and 55% of body weight in adult men and women, respectively , and around 75% in children. Water content in lean mass (or fat-free mass) is about 70–75%, and in fat tissue is about 10%.
Most of the human body is water, with an average of roughly 60%. The amount of water in the body changes slightly with age, sex, and hydration levels. While the average percentage of water in a person's body is around 60%, the percentage can vary from roughly 45–75%.
By weight, the average adult human is approximately 60% water, and the average child is approximately 70% water. There can be considerable variation in body water percentage based on a number of factors like age, health, water intake, weight, and sex.
Their research suggests that Earth's surface cooled from roughly 167o F (75o C) about 3 billion years ago to roughly 95o (35o F) about 420 million years ago. These findings are consistent with previous geological and enzyme-based results.
At the cosmic origin, a trillion years ago, all that existed was an endless Light Ocean. Inexhaustible was this frozen supply of light available for black holes to continually build spheres and solar systems in galaxies.
The name Earth derives from the eighth century Anglo-Saxon word erda, which means ground or soil, and ultimately descends from Proto-Indo European *erþō. From this it has cognates throughout the Germanic languages, including with Jörð, the name of the giantess of Norse myth.