Eucalyptus. One of the most popular Australian native trees, the eucalyptus belongs to the myrtle (Myrtaceae) family, and there are over 800 species of this evergreen.
The Cazneaux Tree, also known as Cazneaux's Tree, is a Eucalyptus camaldulensis or river red gum that was made famous by the photographer Harold Cazneaux. It is in the Australian state of South Australia in the locality of Flinders Ranges near Wilpena Pound.
Eucalypts are iconic Australian forest trees. The Eucalyptus forest type is by far the most common forest type in Australia covering 101 million hectares, which is 77% of Australia's total native forest area. The term 'eucalypt' includes approximately 800 species in the three genera Angophora, Corymbia and Eucalyptus.
The Mongarlowe mallee, also known as the 'ice age gum', may be Australia's loneliest tree. Since its discovery in 1985, extensive searching has revealed the existence of just six trees from four sites.
Australia is known for many things, including swathes of tropical beaches, marine reserves, Aboriginal culture, cute koalas, rolling wine country, and lush rainforests.
1. Maple. Easily one of the most popular tree types worldwide, the maple grows in the United States, the lower areas of Canada, and large parts of Europe and eastern Asia. Most grow to a height of somewhere between 33 and 148 feet, but some varieties can be as small as shrubs.
There are about 24 billion standard trees in Australia. These trees have a trunk diameter of 30 centimetres and stand approximately 15 metres tall.
The Huon pine is Australia's oldest living tree and is one of the oldest living organisms on earth. Individuals have been known to reach an age of 3,000 years. Fossil records from a tree found in a boggy area in the south west of Tasmania were dated at 3,462 years!
There are 24 billion standard trees in Australia
So we defined a “standard”: imagine a gum tree with a trunk 30 centimetres in diameter, standing about 15 metres tall.
The jacaranda's hold on the city and its imagination is so firm that the tree is often mistaken for an Australian native; it's actually indigenous to Brazil. The species most commonly planted in Sydney, Jacaranda mimosifolia, was collected and returned to the Royal Gardens at Kew, England, in about 1818.
Australians have voted and crowned our first favourite native tree – the stoic, strong, and widespread River red gum. After weeks of voting and three rounds of competition, ABC's National Science Week poll on Australia's favourite native tree has come to a close and declared River red gums the winner.
Australia's mountain ash (Eucalyptus regnans) is the second tallest growing tree species in the world. The tallest specimen – nicknamed 'Centurion' – stands at 99.6m in Tasmania's Arve Valley.
The tallest tree in the world: the Hyperion. The world's largest tree is the Hyperion, which is a coastal redwood (Sequoia sempervirens) and is located somewhere in the heart of Redwood National Park in California.
Notes: Helios is the world's 2nd tallest tree, the 2nd tallest and 6th largest tree in Redwood National Park, and the tallest and largest tree in Helios Grove.
Some of the rarest trees in the world are the African Blackwood, Saint Helena Gumwood, Monkey Puzzle,4 and African Baobab Tree. Others are Dragon Blood Tree, Bois Dentelle, and Three Kings Kaikomako.
The Oak is called the King of Trees, The Aspen quivers in the breeze, The Poplar grows up straight and tall, The Pear-tree spreads along the wall, The Sycamore gives pleasant shade, The Willow droops in watery glade, The Fir-tree useful timer gives, The Beech amid the forest lives.
However, one species in particular outlives them all. The Great Basin Bristlecone Pine (Pinus longaeva) has been deemed the oldest tree in existence, reaching an age of over 5,000 years old.
Colloquial names for Australia include "Oz" and "the Land Down Under" (usually shortened to just "Down Under"). Other epithets include "the Great Southern Land", "the Lucky Country", "the Sunburnt Country", and "the Wide Brown Land".
Australia is the only continent in the world without an active volcano. Australia has three times more sheep than people. The largest Greek population in the world beside Athens in Greece can be found in Melbourne Victoria. An Australian man once tried to sell New Zealand on eBay.