The hardest pure element is carbon in the form of a diamond.
The strongest material in the universe may be the whimsically named "nuclear pasta." You can find this substance in the crust of neutron stars. This amazing material is super-dense, and is 10 billion times harder to break than steel.
But cubic boron nitride is still, at best, just the world's second hardest material with a Vickers hardness of around 50 GPa. Its hexagonal form (w-BN) was initially reported to be even harder but these results were based upon theoretical simulations that predicted an indentation strength 18% higher than diamond.
Indentation strength tests have shown that wurtzite boron nitride (w-BN) is stronger than diamond, and that lonsdaleite, which is also known as hexagonal diamond due to its carbon composition and similarities to diamond, is 58% stronger than diamond.
1. Graphene. One-atom-thick sheets of carbon are 200 times stronger than steel. It would take an elephant balancing on a pencil to break a sheet as thin as Saran wrap.
Titanium certainly is not stronger and harder than diamonds. Diamonds' strength ranges around 60GPa whereas titanium can be as low as . 434Gpa or Gigapascals. On the other hand, Diamonds can easily outrank titanium in the scale of hardness, it ranges about 98.07 Rockwell C whereas, titanium ranges around 36 Rockwell C.
The tensile strength and elastic modulus of graphene are 125Gpa and 1.1tpa, respectively, and its strength is 100 times that of ordinary steel. Bags made of graphene, which can hold about 2 tons of weight, are by far the strongest material known.
Astatine is a chemical element with the symbol At and atomic number 85. It is the rarest naturally occurring element in the Earth's crust, occurring only as the decay product of various heavier elements. All of astatine's isotopes are short-lived; the most stable is astatine-210, with a half-life of 8.1 hours.
Only 1-in-10,000 galaxies fall into the rarest category of all: ring galaxies.
Ununennium, or element 119, is a predicted chemical element. Its symbol is Uue. Ununennium and Uue are substitute names made by the IUPAC, (meaning "one-one-nine-ium" in Latin) until permanent names are made. Ununennium is the element with the smallest atomic number that has not been created yet.
Gold is rare throughout the Universe because it's a relatively hefty atom, consisting of 79 protons and 118 neutrons. That makes it hard to produce, even in the incredible heat and pressure of the 'chemical forges' of supernovae, the deaths of giant stars responsible for creating most chemical elements.
The harder the material, the larger the value. The Vickers hardness test uses a square-based pyramid diamond tip to make the indent. Mild steel has a Vickers hardness value of around 9 GPa while diamond has a Vickers hardness value of around 70 – 100 GPa.
Scientists have found a mineral stronger than diamond. They say lonsdaleite could be used to fortify industrial tools like drill bits and saw blades - AND teach us about the evolution of earth.
Diamond sits at the top of the Mohs scale of hardness at number 10 as the hardest material. The Mohs scale rates relative hardness among materials. But hardness is non-linear and it is calculated that diamond is many times harder than next hardest substance (corundum) at 9.
No. Diamonds are not strong enough to stop a bullet.
Diamonds break when they are subjected to impact, and sometimes, when there is a buildup of pressure inside the stone (called strain), a slight tap in just the right place (or just the wrong place) will result in the stone breaking so the pressure can escape.
Diamonds are designated to burn at about 900 degrees Celsius when there is adequate oxygen. However, melting diamonds requires a minimum of 4500 degrees Celsius at a pressure of 100,000 bar. Diamond requires oxygen to burn, which leads to the formation of carbon monoxide or carbon dioxide.
The Heaviest Metal. The heaviest metal is osmium, which has, bulk for bulk, nearly twice the weight of lead. The specific gravity of gold is about 19 1/4, while that of osmium is almost 22 1/2.
Answer: Cesium is known to be the softest metal. It is a shiny metal rarely found, silver-white in colour. Its consistency is wax-like when kept at room temperature.