When a person eats a lot of protein instead of carbohydrates, their body uses protein and stored fat for energy instead of using carbohydrates as it would usually do. As a result, the ketone level in the blood will rise. When these ketones leave the body in the urine, the urine may smell sweet or similar to popcorn.
Fruity-smelling urine can be a sign of other diseases and complications. Diabetic ketoacidosis. Ketoacidosis is a dangerous complication of diabetes that happens when ketones build up in your blood. It causes symptoms like fruity breath, sweet-smelling urine, excessive thirst, and tiredness.
A person with uncontrolled diabetes may have blood glucose levels that are dangerously high. The body tries to get rid of the extra glucose in the urine, and this can cause a sweet smell. People with sweet-smelling urine due to diabetes may notice other symptoms, including: exhaustion.
Pregnancy During pregnancy, a woman's body increases production of a pregnancy hormone called hCG. Elevated levels of hCG cause foul-smelling urine, especially in the early stages of pregnancy. In addition, dehydration during pregnancy causes uric acid to build up, which can create a bad odor in the urine.
In such cases, ketones are passed in the urine, a condition referred to as ketoacidosis. Your urine can smell sweet even if you don't suffer from diabetes or if your diabetes is not uncontrolled. This happens if you are on strict dieting or fasting. In such cases, ketones are also passed in the urine.
Your pee or breath may smell fruity if you don't treat high blood sugar. The sweet smell is from ketonuria, or a buildup of ketones. Those are chemicals your body makes when you burn fat, instead of glucose, for energy. Tell your doctor right away if you vomit, have trouble breathing, or feel confused.
The byproducts of burning fat, called ketones, cause your urine to smell sweet or fruity. High-protein, low-carbohydrate plans and very-low-calorie diets are most likely to cause this effect and should be supervised by your doctor to make sure your body is getting the nutrients it needs.
The results of the test is assessed visually for the dark blue that indicates the presence of hCG. A minimum of 500 mU of hCG/ml of urine can be detected easily and the test can be completed in 2 hours with good precision.
Interestingly, some women may be more aware of the naturally occurring ammonia-like smell of urine during pregnancy because of their heightened sense of smell, research suggests. Blood may show up in your urine due to vaginal bleeding.
It can take anywhere from 6 to12 days on average for the embryo to attach and for hCG to be detectable through home tests. This is why after your first negative test it's recommended that you take a second test a week later. But we also know that it's hard to wait!
Infections and diseases of the liver can produce high ammonia levels in the urine and the accompanying pungent odor. Ammonia levels in blood and urine will increase when the liver is not working as it should. Any continued ammonia odor in urine should be checked by a doctor.
In most cases, prediabetes won't cause changes to urine smells.
Pee that smells like ammonia
The odor suggests that bacteria may be swimming around in your urinary system, most likely in your urethra, kidneys or bladder. Urine showing signs of a UTI also may be cloudy or even a bit bloody.
The process of breaking down fat for energy releases byproducts called ketones. Acetone is a type of ketone, and it is the same fruity-smelling substance found in some nail polish removers. If the breath of a person with diabetes smells of acetone, this suggests that there are high levels of ketones in their blood.
Urine ketones are usually measured as a "spot test." This is available in a test kit that you can buy at a drug store. The kit contains dipsticks coated with chemicals that react with ketone bodies. A dipstick is dipped in the urine sample. A color change indicates the presence of ketones.
Any color on the ketone strip, from pink to purple, indicates fat burning (ketosis). Some people get a darker ketone strip color and achieve the same weight loss results as someone with a lighter color. Your “positive” color result can vary throughout the day for many reasons.
Some genetic conditions are also associated with an abnormal urine smell. In maple syrup urine disease, affected patients' urine typically smells sweet. Patients with kidney disease or dehydration may have concentrated urine that contains an abnormally high level of waste products and smells like ammonia.
You have a urinary tract infection.
In fact, pee that has a strong ammonia smell, or foul or slightly sweet-smelling urine is often the first indication that you have a UTI. Basically, the strange urine odor is the bacteria's fault (because bacteria is what causes UTIs in the first place).
This may be due to a UTI or even to dysbiosis, where harmful bacteria increase in number and take over the good bacteria in the body. The excess bacteria may change the smell or look of the urine as it sits in the bladder, which can lead to a sulfuric smell.
This is done by taking two blood tests days apart to determine if your hCG levels are rapidly increasing as expected in early pregnancy. Declining hCG levels often mean a miscarriage or nonviable pregnancy. Slow rising hCG levels may indicate an issue with the pregnancy but also may not be a problem.
About 11-14 days after implantation, a woman's hCG levels are high enough to start causing early pregnancy symptoms. Some of these might include fatigue, food cravings, darkening in the color of the nipples, or gastrointestinal changes. When a woman experiences these symptoms, a pregnancy test may show up positive.
However, there is no medical research suggesting that salt-based home pregnancy tests work. People may be interested in trying a homemade pregnancy test with salt because they do not wish to pay for or use a traditional pregnancy test. However, using salt to test for pregnancy is not a reliable option.
If you notice a smell that is fruity or similar to nail polish, thats a sign that your body is in ketosis.
There are various reasons why pee might smell like popcorn, such as consuming a lot of protein, diabetes, dehydration, and more. The common causes of urine having a popcorn-like smell include diabetes, pregnancy, and a diet high in protein.
Trimethylaminuria (TMAU) is an uncommon condition that causes an unpleasant, fishy smell. It's also called "fish odour syndrome". Sometimes it's caused by faulty genes that a person inherits from their parents, but this isn't always the case. There's currently no cure, but there are things that can help.