To accurately diagnose a blood infection, a doctor will run some tests and physical examinations to accurately diagnose a blood infection. They'll look for surefire signs such as: Bacteria in the blood or other bodily fluids. High or low white blood cell count.
Septicemia is an infection that occurs when bacteria enter the bloodstream and spread. It can lead to sepsis, the body's reaction to the infection, which can cause organ damage and even death. Septicemia is more common in people who are hospitalized or have other medical conditions.
However, some general symptoms of a bacterial infection include: fever. feeling tired or fatigued. swollen lymph nodes in the neck, armpits, or groin.
However, untreated or improperly treated infections can become severe and may cause life threatening complications. A person should seek prompt medical care if they experience any of the following symptoms: severe pain. pain during urination, bowel movements, or sex.
When treatment or medical intervention is missing, sepsis is a leading cause of death, more significant than breast cancer, lung cancer, or heart attack. Research shows that the condition can kill an affected person in as little as 12 hours.
If left untreated, a bloodstream infection can lead to more serious complications. One of these is sepsis, which is caused by a strong immune response to the infection. Sepsis and septic shock can lead to organ failure and even death.
Treatment includes antibiotics, managing blood flow to organs, and treating the source of the infection. Many people need oxygen and IV (intravenous) fluids to help get blood flow and oxygen to the organs. Depending on the person, help with breathing with a ventilator or kidney dialysis may be needed.
Sepsis and Other Blood Infections
The most common type of blood infection is known as sepsis, “a serious complication of septicemia. Sepsis is when inflammation throughout the body occurs. This inflammation can cause blood clots and block oxygen from reaching vital organs, resulting in organ failure.
Your blood can get infected when germs such as bacteria, or sometimes viruses or fungus, get into the bloodstream. This can happen when you have an IV catheter in place, or you get a shot into a blood vessel, or a blood transfusion. Sepsis is the medical term for an infection of the blood.
The early symptoms of sepsis include: a high temperature (fever) or, due to changes in circulation, a low body temperature instead. chills and shivering.
If the infection has spread or you have a generalized infection, you may develop other signs and symptoms, such as fever, fatigue, pain, etc. Sometimes however, you may have an infection and not know it, and not have any symptoms.
Weakness or aching muscles. Not passing much (or any) urine. Feeling very hot or cold, chills or shivering. Feeling confused, disoriented, or slurring your speech.
A person with sepsis might have one or more of the following signs or symptoms: High heart rate or weak pulse. Fever, shivering, or feeling very cold. Confusion or disorientation.
As severe sepsis usually involves infection of the bloodstream, the heart is one of the first affected organs.
Postmortem, blood cultures grew clostridium perfringens. Black-colored urine and blood samples, sepsis-induced mild methemoglobinemia and acute massive hemolysis should raise concern for Clostridium Perfringens sepsis in the appropriate clinical settings.
The condition can arise suddenly and progress quickly, and it's often hard to recognize. Sepsis was once commonly known as “blood poisoning.” It was almost always deadly. Today, even with early treatment, sepsis kills about 1 in 5 affected people.
"When an infection reaches a certain point, this can happen in a matter of hours." Sepsis usually starts out as an infection in just one part of the body, such as a skin wound or a urinary tract infection, Tracey says.
However, there might be other symptoms related to sepsis based on where the infection is. Abdominal pain is one such symptom.
Major organs and body systems, including the kidneys, liver, lungs, and central nervous system may stop working properly because of poor blood flow. A change in mental status and very fast breathing may be the earliest signs of sepsis. In general, symptoms of sepsis can include: Chills.
Blood culture: A blood culture test tries to identify what type of bacteria or fungi caused infection in the blood. Blood cultures are collected separately from other blood tests. They are usually taken more than once from different veins. It can take several days to get the results of a blood culture.