"Red sky at night, shepherds delight" can often be proven true, since red sky at night means fair weather is generally headed towards you. A red sky appears when dust and small particles are trapped in the atmosphere by high pressure.
A red color in the sky is the result of sunlight reflecting off clouds. If the sky is red in the morning, the eastern horizon must be clear, and the clouds foretelling a coming storm are in the west, indicating the potential for bad weather.
A red sunrise indicates that clear skies and settled weather (a high-pressure system) now sit to the east and are likely to move further away to the east, often to be replaced by incoming low pressure and rainy weather from the west.
Thus, the sun and sky appear a red color during sunsets. The phenomenon by which the gas molecules selectively scatter shorter wavelengths of light is called Rayleigh scattering.
Natural blood-red sky at night is comparatively rare. Perhaps once a decade, huge flares on the sun generate red auroras that spread over much of the earth's surface and sometimes cause the sky to appear red.
Within the visible range of light, red light waves are scattered the least by atmospheric gas molecules. So at sunrise and sunset, when the sunlight travels a long path through the atmosphere to reach our eyes, the blue light has been mostly removed, leaving mostly red and yellow light remaining.
The color changes that we see in the sky have to do with the wavelengths in the color spectrum. As the rays of sunlight bounce off the water vapor in the atmosphere they pass through, they split into the colors of the spectrum. Red skies suggest that the clouds are filled with a lot of dust and moisture.
If the morning skies are of an orange-red glow, it signifies a high-pressure air mass with stable air trapping particles, like dust, which scatters the sun's blue light. This high pressure is moving towards the east, and a low-pressure system moves in from the west.
'Red sky at night, sailor's delight; red sky in the morning, sailor's warning'
While a green sky is often an indicator of a severe storm that can produce tornadoes and damaging hail, a green sky does not guarantee severe weather, just as tornadoes can appear from a sky without a hint of green.
In some cases, a storm brewing can turn the sky green. In some instances, depending on the area, the yellow might serve as a sign of a tornado or hurricane. Since thunderstorms usually occur during warmer periods like the late afternoon, the hue can indicate you to prepare for the storm ahead.
The effect of the green sky is usually observed with thunderstorms that occur later in the day when the sun angle is lower. The low sun angle causes the reddish tint to the sky that can often be seen as the sun sets on the horizon. At the same time, water droplets primarily scatter the blue wavelength.
Definition: If the sky is red at night, there will be good weather the next day. However, if the sky is red in the morning, there will be bad weather later in the day. The full expression is red sky at night, sailor's delight; red sky in the morning, sailors take warning.
Red: Take Action.
Extremely bad weather is expected. Red means people in the areas concerned should take action now to keep themselves and others safe from the impact of the weather. Widespread damage, travel and power disruption and risk to life is likely.
Anyone who has heard the popular phrase “Red sky at night, sailors delight. Red sky in the morning, sailors taking warning,” understands the legend behind such a beautiful start to the morning. A pink sky likely means a high pressure system has moved eastward, and a low pressure system is moving in with rain attached.
Red wavelengths pass through air more easily than blue ones. When the sun is setting in the west, its light passes through hundreds of miles of atmosphere — becoming extremely red in the process — before hitting the clouds above you. Shorter blue wavelengths bounce off the air and go off in other directions.
"Water/ice particles in storm clouds with substantial depth and water content will primarily scatter blue light," officials at the NWS office Hastings, Nebraska. "When the reddish light scattered by the atmosphere illuminates the blue water/ice droplets in the cloud, they will appear to glow green."
Blue light is scattered in all directions by the tiny molecules of air in Earth's atmosphere. Blue is scattered more than other colors because it travels as shorter, smaller waves. This is why we see a blue sky most of the time.
It is thought that for sailors, the sky's color meant certain impending weather. A pink, or technically red, sky at night meant good weather for the next day. This is because as the sun is setting, its light is traveling through the lower parts of the atmosphere.
During sunrise, sunlight has a longer distance to travel through the sky before it reaches you. The colors that make it to your eyeballs are pinks and oranges and reds, because they are less likely to be scattered by the atmosphere. In turn, the morning sunlight fills the sky with a blaze of pinks and reds.
This is partially due to "the optical illusion of the pink wavelengths lighting up the base of the cloud (due to the low angle of the sun's rays), and these pink clouds superimposed on a dark blue sky. The combination of pink and dark blue can make the sky appear a deep purple."
Pointing out the glorious sunset to a friend on Thursday, I quoted to him one of my grandmother's favorite sayings, “Red sky at night, sailors delight. Red sky in the morning, sailors take warning.”
The other colours pass through the Earth's atmosphere to reach us, but because of the great abundance of blue light wavelengths, our eyes see the sky as blue. Technically, the short wavelengths that scatter across the sky correspond to the colours blue and violet, making the real colour of the sky a bluish purple.